Budgeting is an important activity within every healthcare organization. The particular challenges encountered, however, can vary depending on the type of organization. A state or federally funded organization, for example, will likely have a budget that is allocated to it, and it needs to follow specific guidelines on how the money can be used. A for-profit organization, by contrast, will typically have more influence and flexibility in setting up its budget and making choices on matters such as how much to spend on marketing, patient care, or incentives for employees.
In addition to preparing budgets, as a healthcare administrator, you must also be able to evaluate whether or not you have achieved your budget using variance analysis. This is important because variance analysis measures the differences between the budget and actual results, and provides administrators with a starting point for correcting financial performance. For this Assignment, you conduct a variance analysis for a healthcare organization.
To prepare for this Assignment, review the Week 7 Assignment document provided to you by the Instructor. Examine the budgeted and actual revenues and expenses for a hospital. Reflect on concepts of budgeting and variance. Refer to Chapter 10 and Chapter 11 of Financial Management of Health Care Organizations: An Introduction to Fundamental Tools, Concepts and Applications in this week’s Learning Resources for additional guidance.
Using an Excel spreadsheet to show your calculations, address the following:
• Determine the total variance between the planned and actual budgets for Surgical Volume. Is the variance favorable or unfavorable?
• Determine the total variance between the planned and actual budgets for Patient Days. Is the variance favorable or unfavorable?
• Determine the service-related variance for Surgical Volume.
• Determine the service-related variance for Patient Days.
• Prepare a flexible budget estimate. Present side-by-side budget, flexible budget estimate, and the actual Surgical Revenues.
• Prepare a flexible budget estimate. Present a side-by-side budget, flexible budget estimate, and the actual Patient Expenses.
• Determine what variances are due to change in volume and what variances are due to change in rates.